It’s important to secure your WordPress blog. We’re bombarded daily with tales of worms, virii, and Trojan Horsies. Secure this! Lockdown that! Protect yourself! Fortunately, the chances of your self-hosted WordPress blog are fairly slim, but it does happen. This is the first post in a series of how you can tighten down the security of your blog.
Step #1: Sign the online petition at http://shipthemoff.com to reopen Devil’s Island as a penal colony, and send all convicted hackers there to fend for themselves (remember Papillon?).
All right, so we can’t do that. SO, the first thing you should do is get rid of the default ‘admin’ user account that WordPress so kindly sets up for you when you install WordPress. You can do it in a few simple steps:
- create a new user account
- log out and log in under the new name
- delete the ‘admin’ account
First step: always the very first step when you’re messing with important parts of your blog – backup your database! (I’ll be showing you how to do that in a future post)
After you’ve backed up your database, continue on:
In your dashboard, find Users and expand it. Click on Add New.
- on the Add New screen, enter your details, using a new username. Pick a username that isn’t obvious. If you really want to go all out, you can make up a username that mimics a password for effectiveness: mix upper and lower case letters and numbers (you can’t use symbols like ! ^ or @ in a username) and don’t use words that can be found in the dictionary.
- enter your email address, and your website address (address is optional)
- enter a new password twice. Get really creative with your password. Use at least 8 characters, preferably 12, and mix upper- and lower-case letters, numbers, and punctuation symbols, and don’t use words that can be found in the dictionary. Use something like JpXM20&33tY!89.
- be sure to set the new user’s role to ‘Administrator’
- when you’re done, click the ‘Add User’ button
- at the top right corner of your window, click the ‘Log Out’ button to log out of your admin session.
Now, you’ll need to log back in as the new user you just created. If you did everything correctly, your dashboard will look identical to the admin user. If you don’t see all of the menu options on the left, you probably didn’t set your new user up as an Administrator.
After you’ve logged back in and everything looks kosher, you’ll need to delete the original admin account. Don’t worry, you won’t be deleting your existing posts – unless you hit the wrong button 🙂
Click on Authors & Users again. Hover over the admin avatar, and you’ll see a ‘delete’ link (hint: if you don’t see that link, you’re still logged in as ‘admin’). Click.
The next screen allows you to either delete all posts and links associated to the admin user, or to assign them to the new user. Don’t delete all of your posts! (Personally, I think the ‘reassign’ option should be pre-selected, but that’s fodder for another day). Click the radio button to assign existing posts and links to another user, and choose your newly-created user from the dropdown box.
Click the ‘Confirm Deletion’ button, and WordPress will delete the admin account and assign the posts and links to your new account.
Next, click on the Your Profile link and complete your profile, including the dropdown box of how you want to display your name as an author.
In case of disaster:
If you managed, in the delete step, to delete all of your posts, it’s a relatively simple thing to restore them. You will, though, need to know a little bit about how to use your hosting provider’s MySQL administration tool (most likely phpMyAdmin, but yymv). More on how to restore from a backup in a future article.